The role of women in agriculture is also highlighted in the report. Globally, one-fourth of all economically active women are engaged in some sort of agriculture.
The impacts of climate change include reduced crop and forest yields and acidification of the ocean, which negatively affects the harvesting of marine life.
According to the report, by 2050, climate change will have reduced the production of rice by 15%, wheat by 49% in South Asia, and by 15% and 36% respectively in sub-Saharan Africa, resulting in higher food prices and heightened food insecurity.
Many female agricultural workers also face severe inequalities in their access to land, credit and critical inputs such as fertilisers, irrigation, technology, information and markets.
Because of this, adaptation technologies such as heat-resistant and water-conserving crop varieties are particularly important for women.