By Chidi Anselm Odinkalu
“Where the state is too weak to be dangerous, non-state actors might become too strong.”
Robert Cooper, The Breaking of Nations: Order and Chaos in the 21st Century, p. 18 (2003)
Supporters of Nigeria’s ruling All Progressives Congress are fond of telling their critics they “can’t stop a moving train.” In Kaduna on March 28, the moving train of the APC derailed both as fact and as metaphor. The following day, on March 29, the second leg of the Nigeria-Ghana World Cup qualifier was to occur. The four days between the two legs of the Nigeria-Ghana encounter provide a snapshot as to how this happened. Many people believe they know the story, but it is still worth telling.
When the Super Eagles encountered Ghana’s Black Stars in Kumasi, Ghana, on March 25, in the first leg of the World Cup qualification rubber between both countries, the mood in Nigeria was effusively supportive. By the time the return leg took place four days later, the mood had soured on the team and on Nigeria’s chances of qualification.
In a country whose leaders make it their vocation to amplify and recklessly multiply its divisions, football is the only pursuit guaranteed to persuade all of the country’s disparate discontents to temporarily call truce on their unbelief in the incredibly romantic notion of Nigeria. For that first leg, across the geographical space of Nigeria and its various diversities, they all seemed to wish the Super Eagles well in Kumasi.
In one of those wicked coincidences that only Providence has the capacity to craft, on the day after the Kumasi match, Nigeria’s ruling All Progressives Congress convened in Abuja, the Federal Capital for its elective convention. It was a gathering of nearly everyone who is anyone in political Nigeria, including the President, his deputy, their cabinet, 22 governors and the leadership of the legislature at state and federal levels, not to mention captains of business and industry. When he addressed the convention, the President remarkably did not cite one area in which the country had made progress under his watch.
As the APC Convention unfolded in Abuja on that Saturday, however, the international airport in the neighbouring state of Kaduna in Nigeria’s North-West was under attack from a band of terrorists, who killed at least one staffer and succeeded in shutting down the airport. The APC Convention took no notice. Far from acknowledgement, they characteristically tried to bury it in subterfuge.
Instead, wherever you looked in Abuja that weekend, money sloshed and got shared in ways and quantities few of Nigeria’s poor and excluded will ever know or understand. That convention endured into the early hours of the following day, a Sunday. On Monday, March 28, an expansive Minister of Information, Lai Mohammed, claimed in a media briefing that “the country is becoming safer every day with the string of successes being recorded in the fight against Boko Haram, ISWAP, bandits and other criminal elements.” Lai Mohammed, much of whose life has been spent in the manufacture and enjoyment of an alternative universe to reality, felt no need to provide any evidence for this claim. He had none.
Moments after he uttered this claim, the folly of it all became evident. In Suleja, a mere 15 minutes from Abuja, terrorists killed at least six soldiers.
Contemporaneously, news began to filter through of an attack on the Abuja-Kaduna rail link, arguably the major claim of the Buhari regime to achievement. At 21:43 hours, a Twitter handle identifying itself as @nelo_x sent out a tweet which would turn out to be its last. It read: “I’m in the train. I have been shot please pray for me.” The pre-Neanderthal savagery of the APC Troll Farms led by leading handles identified with the Buhari Media Centre was beyond comprehension. I will not dignify them nor prolong the agony of traumatised families with a rehash of what they said.
As it turned out, Chinelo Megafu, the young dentist who sent out that dying declaration, was one of a vanishing breed of believers in the notion of Nigeria. Her father, an alumnus of Federal Government College Enugu, did his compulsory national service in Kaduna, the state in which his beautiful, daughter would tragically spend her last moments three decades later. By all accounts, far removed from her origins in Onitsha, Anambra State in South-East Nigeria, Dr. Chinelo was a brilliant advertisement for all that is excellent about her vocation.
Overnight, from several contemporaneous accounts shared by witnesses, survivors, and their families, the scale of the horror that killed Dr. Chinelo began to emerge. In what is likely to become the metaphor for the tenure of the regime, a horde of terrorists who for long operated under tolerance from the regime had successfully stopped the moving train, made a killing field of its coaches, and abducted an uncertified number of passengers for ransom.
As heroic citizens scrambled to rescue survivors and converge on hospitals around Kaduna to donate blood much needed for the work of the medical personnel who were frantically saving lives, the politicians averted their baleful gaze. In Lagos, a colloquium to celebrate the 70th birthday of the self-acclaimed leader of the APC, Bola Ahmed Tinubu, the man who has proclaimed the prize of Nigeria’s presidency as his “lifelong ambition”, was scheduled to get underway. It was the same day that Nigeria was to host Ghana. Several leading politicians, including the Governor of Kano State, Abdullahi Ganduje, had travelled to be there.
Prof Odinkalu, a lawyer and teacher, can be reached at [email protected]